Gynecomastia is an excessive development of breast in men, which is a relatively common problem – affects over 5% of men. The over-developed gland often resembles a feminine breast, providing a great psychological and aesthetic problem for men. That is why the abolition of gynecomastia reduction is one of the most common plastic surgery procedures in men.
The first symptoms are most commonly seen in adolescence (this is due to the secretion of prolactin hormone responsible for breast development). In young men the problem can develop very quickly, so the rapid detection of abnormal hormone level can be crucial in stopping the breast development. The problem is often signaled by bodybuilders, among whom practice is the use of anabolics that cause breast gland hypertrophy.
Types of gynecomastia:
- Fat (pseudogynecomastia): often associated with obesity
- Gland: associated with secretion of prolactin and the intake of metabolic preparations
- Mixed: the most common form of gynecomastia
The most effective way to get rid of the problem once and for all is surgery. Among surgical methods is gland reduction, sometimes liposuction, and in extreme cases skin reduction in the area. The treatment is performed under general anesthesia, and the patient usually returns to daily activities after removing the dressing.